Data centers form a core part of modern day businesses, and most of us think of data centers in terms of computers, data storage systems, and network. Many, however, are unaware of the relationship between a data center’s operations and the security of the actual building that hosts the data center.
Many managers perceive data centers as an IT infrastructure facility that needs to be protected, though they are not sure of the degree to which security measures should be adopted. This level of security depends directly on the services provided by the data center.
If the data center is used for storing crucial financial information like credit card details, bank account details or other financial information, then the security level is higher and the security technologies are more complex. This may include state-of-the-art building access systems, surveillance systems, trespassing detection systems, thermal imaging cameras, and more. The same may apply to data centers that cater to government agencies and organizations like the military where critical data should not, under any circumstances, fall into the wrong hands.
Outsource data centers (colocation facilities) and in-house data centers for businesses in non-regulated industries require a lower security level. Simpler IT access control systems would be more than sufficient for protecting the building against intrusion by non-IT professionals or outsiders. However, physical security, logical security,and well-trained personnel are a must to reduce the risk of security perimeter breaches by miscreants.
It is the nature of the applications and data stored at the data center that help a business determine the kind of facilities-based physical security strategies it needs. Understanding government requirements and business expectations regarding physical security is critical. Need help with your security model? Call the experts.